The Complexity of Circuit Value and Network Stability

Abstract

We develop a method for non-trivially restricting fanout in a circuit. We study the complexity of the Circuit Value problem and a new problem, Network Stability, when fanout is limited. This leads to new classes of problems within P. We conjecture that the new classes are different from P and incomparable to JVC. One of these classes, CC, contains several natural complete problems, including Circuit Value for comparator circuits, Lex-first Maximal Matching, and problems related to St able Marriage and St able Roommates. When fanout is appropriately limited, we get positive results: a parallel algorithm for Circuit Value that runs in time about the square root of the number of gates, a linear-time sequential algorithm for Network Stability, and logspace reductions between Circuit Value and Network Stability. Abbreviated title. Circuit Value and Network Stability

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