Designing blood-stage vaccines against Babesia bovis and B. bigemina.


The tick-transmitted apicomplexan parasites Babesia bovis and B. bigemina cause significant disease in cattle in many tropical and temperate areas of the world. These parasites present a challenge for vaccine development, and yet provide a system for studying the pathogenesis, mechanisms of protective immunity and regulation of host immune responses associated with intraerythrocytic protozoan parasites in a non-rodent species. In this article, Wendy Brown and Guy Palmer review strategies for identifying candidate vaccine antigens of B. bovis and B. bigemina and for priming immune responses to evoke strain crossprotective immunity.


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